ASEAN Journal on Science and Technology for Development


Nanocellulose is one of many promising materials that have garnered the attention of researchers and industries. In this study, sugarcane bagasse (S. officinarum) was used to synthesize cellulose nanofiber (SB-CNF) via an alkaline-mechanical process. A comprehensive characterization of SB-CNF was conducted to explore its morphology via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and dynamic force microscopy (DFM), assess its functional groups using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), analyze its thermal properties through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and lastly, evaluate light absorbance and transmittance using a UV-VIS spectrophotometer. Our findings revealed that SB-CNF resulted in a highly intertwined nanofiber structure within a nano-scale dimension. The observed outcome was attributed to the complete removal of hemicellulose and lignin following the alkaline-mechanical treatment, which was confirmed by the FT-IR analysis. Moreover, SB-CNF demonstrated excellent thermal stability at lower temperatures while also showing decreased light absorption and increased light transmittance. These results collectively highlighted its suitability for a diverse range of prospective applications.

Publication Date


Received Date

15-September- 2023

Revised Date


Accepted Date